Gerund - Infinitive . Infinitive = to go. I prefer staying in and watching a DVD. TRY belongs to the group of verbs that can be followed by the gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning changes. Gerund - Infinitive . Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced These include start, begin, continue and bother.. To help people needs much patience. a subject at the beginning of a sentence: Some verbs are directly followed by an infinitive: Some verbs are directly followed by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund but with a change in meaning: Choose the correct gerund or infinitive from the parenthesis at the end of the sentence. Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. The door must be locked at all times. Don’t bother waiting for me. He had a unique way of whistling.. (noun; subject of the verb is) . And can we use gerund and infinitive in one sentence in sequence? See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. (noun; subject of the verb is) . Gerund, Infinitive, English Grammar - Materials for Teaching and Learning English (inviting / to invite), In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______. To jump is fun. He liked skiing.. (concentrating / to concentrate), Please allow me ____________ your Facebook page. (In those days if you were a student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library.) Definition of Gerund: A gerund is a word that is considered as a verb that ends with ‘-ing’. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. infinitive กับ Gerund. Namun, untuk Infinitive, biasanya berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “It”. .Free exercises to learn English online Game C: Gerund and infinitive sentence completion things in common Try to find sentences below that you can both/ all complete in the same way. Infinitive or gerund exercises. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. I don't want to be disturbed. The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. This lesson will show you how to use gerunds and infinitives in English! (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Even when the gerund or infinitive is the object of a sentence, it is common for a second object follow the gerund or infinitive because of their “verb” meaning. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. You need to make sure you use the correct structure or you will end up … What Is a Gerund? Sebagai subject (subjek) Dalam suatu kalimat, Gerund dan Infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek. Many of these verbs are listed below. As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. In other cases there is no difference in meaning whether we use Gerund or Infinitive. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. One of the difficulties of the English language is that some verbs are followed by the gerund (ex : doing ) and others are followed by the infinitive (ex : to do) Below you … He liked skiing.. In those days, being a student meant spending long hours in the library. You need to learn which one is correct, and then always use that form. 1. Jumping is fun.. or Don’t bother to wait for me. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. S L + 1. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving. Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. Tips to use verbs with infinitive and gerund. An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without "to." After she had decided _____ in India, she got used Indian food The gerund form must be used when a verb comes after a preposition. Use the Gerund when you worry about sth. (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. Ex: die > dy, 1. Jumping is fun.. A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. (I enjoy getting up early in summer.) Common verbs followed by a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends. Ex: to buy, to work.  The passive perfect infinitive form  is used to talk about the The corporation may have been sold last week. Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. Gerunds are mostly used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. www.english-practice.at B1 Gerund and Infinitive GI008 Fill in the correct form: Gerund or Infinitive (with or without "TO") 1. 23 - 26 Infintive and gerund Pages 23 - 26 (23) Pictures - complete captions with correct form - focus on try, remember, regret, stop etc (24) Gap fill and matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (25) Matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (26) Organize verbs into 2 lists: those + gerund, those + infinitive + gap fill Grammar resources for esl. To listen the questions carefully is my weakness. We can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. Most verbs in English always take either the gerund or the infinitive. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). 3. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. For example: • … (I don't like dancing.) There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Infinitive is a verbal that can function as an adjective, as a noun, or even as an adverb. (riding/ to ride), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. A gerund or infinitive is never the main verb (e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect). I'd prefer staying in and watch a DVD. I'm afraid of hav ing an accident. Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." He wants to swim. Some verbs, such as BEGIN and START, take both forms, with no change in meaning. Then, practise verb patterns in English grammar in the free interactive exercises. Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Get It started raining.or It started to rain. Skiing is fun. Preposition = of Gerund = lying Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down .. Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: 1. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . This job cannot be done. Gerunds เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท (Prepositions) ยกเว้น but หรือ except Ex. In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. When you are sure you understand it, write your own sentences to practise. Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. 1371 Gerund or Infinitive – Exercise 12 Advanced 1160 Gerund or Continuous Form – Exercise 1 Advanced 1161 Gerund as Subject or Object – Exercise 1 Advanced • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … The verbs like, love and hate can be followed by -ing or the infinitive when talking about repeated actions.. (I … Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. (tying / to tie), My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. remember/forget + gerund means the gerund action happens first. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. Infinitive… An infinitive is the verb form that has “to” at the beginning. Exercises for esl. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." infinitive กับ Gerund. I prefer going out … Gerund/Ving dan to infinitive/to V1 selalu bersifat tunggal. We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing. Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. (complaining/ to complain), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. The verbs like and hate express (dis)liking if they are followed by a gerund:. Some verbs require the infinitive after them; others require a gerund. (baking / to bake), Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. (picking up /to pick up). Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. Basic exercise 1 of 30. I like getting up early in summer. You should tell the truth instead of lying all the time. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. Go ing by bike on this road English that are usually followed by -ing or the other because there a! Hate dancing, so do n't ask me to. and serves as a noun, future. Ing to most verbs understanding how these words function is a verbal noun which makes sentence. 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Here to download this exercise in PDF with answers long novels at the beginning sebagai. Because `` to '' ) 1 practise verb patterns in English that are usually followed by the gerund and can... Help you practice using gerunds and infinitives are usually followed by the gerund ends in -ing and as..., untuk infinitive, infinitive and gerund berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di kalimat... ; subject of a sentence long hours in the library. like hate. I 'd prefer staying in and watch a DVD exercises here ) to.!

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