Middle-Income status in comparison with Malaysia and South Africa based on social and infrastructure indicators. In this paper, we focus on South Africa, a middle-income country with relatively stable political institutions where social conflict mainly comprises violent and economic crime, rather than larger scale protest or civil conflicts. 2015 Nov 25;33(47):6406-12. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.08.040. South Africa is the first middle-income country to fund impact bonds for early childhood development. The economy of South Africa is the second largest in Africa. 1. (2009). Only 20% of South Africans belong to the stable middle class, while 4% belong to the elite. Economic growth has decelerated in recent years, slowing to an estimated 0.7% in 2017. When looking purely at income levels, South Africa averages out not only as middle income (which it has been for decades), but as an upper-middle-income country. Vaccine. These are Angola, Botswana, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Mauritius, Namibia and South Africa who have a GDI of at least $4,036. Epub 2015 Sep 26. SALDRU’s research finds that 50% of South Africans are chronically poor. By Leibbrandt's estimates, South Africa's middle class is small and sluggish, and comprises approximately one in five South Africans. Households who have achieved a modest standard of living are actually near the top of the country’s income … "The country was very unequal in 1994 [at the end of apartheid] and now 25 years later South Africa is the most unequal country in the world," says … But their growth rates are actually lower, especially in … South Africa is formally classified as an upper middle-income economy, yet a closer examination of the data will show that GDP growth rates over the last ten years have been sluggish: Between 1994 and 2007 21, No. In such a setting the income opportunity channel could potentially 1, pp. In its The Middle of the Pyramid report in 2011, the Africa Development Bank defined the middle class as persons with yearly incomes exceeding $3,900 (or a … First are mature MICs which include Botswana, Cape Verde, South Africa, Mauritius, Namibia, Seychelles, and Swaziland, with some 60 million people. They are defined as lower middle-income economies - those with a GNI per capita between $1,036 and $4,045; and upper middle-income economies - those with a GNI per capita between $4,046 and $12,535 ().Middle income countries are home to 75% of the world’s population and 62% of the … : 03-10-10 66pp ISBN 978-0-621-43076-9 A complete set of Stats SA publications is available at Stats SA Library and the following libraries: National Library of South Africa, Pretoria Division Data for Upper middle income, South Africa from The World Bank: Data. These are Africa’s better-off economies, located in Southern Africa or small-island states and come most naturally to mind when thinking about Africa’s Middle-Income countries. Close. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). Browse by Country or Indicator. The world’s Middle Income Countries (MICs) are a diverse group by size, population, and income level. Unlike in some rich countries, public debt levels in most of Africa are sustainable. Find Out . As a manufacturing hub, it is the most industrialized, technologically advanced, and diversified economy on the African continent. The Bank Group’s MTS emphasizes deeper engagement with middle-income countries (MICs), by positioning the institution as their preferred development partner. The World Bank defines a middle-income country as one with a gross national income (GNI) per capita of $1,000-12,000 in 2011 prices — a fairly wide range — broken down into lower and upper middle-income at around $4,000. This page in: English; Español; Français; العربية; 中文; Upper middle income South Africa. One way to track Africa’s progress is by charting the number of countries that have achieved “middle income status”. South Africa has exhibited tepid economic growth over the past twenty years, as well as high levels of income inequality characteristic of a middle-income country growth trap. South Africa is an upper-middle-income economy, one of only eight such countries in Africa. In South Africa, thinking about what it means to be middle class is complicated by the low average and median levels of incomes in the country and the very wide distribution of income. In Africa, ICU beds and personnel trained in critical care are limited to tertiary hospitals, as assessed in the Republic of The Gambia; therefore, mortality associated with COVID-19 is likely to exceed the reported case fatality rate of 2.3%. South Africa is a middle-income emerging market with an abundant supply of natural resources; well-developed financial, legal, communications, energy, and transport sectors; and a stock exchange that is Africa’s largest and among the top 20 in the world. South Africa is the largest member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and plays a leading economic role among the 15 member nations. This paper compares and contrasts South Africa’s growth trap relative to middle-income peer economies. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa, 2015 Report no. The World Bank rates the South African economy as an upper-middle income economy, one of only four African countries in Africa, the others being, Mauritius, Botswana and Gabon. In this respect, the Bank has developed effective linkages between public/private operations, as well as competitive lending products, backed by high-value knowledge and advisory services. The selected sectors are fast fashion, tourism, mining equipment and … The paper concludes Census 2011: Income Dynamics and Poverty Status of Households in South Africa / Statistics South Africa. Lower-middle income: Angola, Algeria, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Bolivia, Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Cameroon, Comoros, Congo, Rep. Côte d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Arab Rep., El Salvador, Eswatini, Ghana, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyz Republic Lao PDR, Lesotho, Mauritania, Micronesia, Fed. And if you earn R48 753 or more, then you fall into the 1 percent of “highest earners” in the country. Violence is a major global health, social, and justice problem. In Sub-Saharan Africa, countries with a gross domestic income (GDI) per capita of between $1,026 and $12,475 in 2015 and were classified as middle-income countries. 1-6. Almost half a million people died from homicide in 2012 (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2014).Nearly all of these deaths occur in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), and the highest rates are found in Latin America, the Caribbean, and sub-Saharan Africa (UNODC, 2014; WHO, 2015). The DPD framework is applied to four sectoral case studies in South Africa, a country which presents typical middle-income technology trap problems and in which digital platforms are becoming increasingly important. While … 1. Since 1996, at the end of over twelve years of international sanctions, South Africa's Gross Domestic Productalmost tripled to peak at $400 billion in 2011, but has since declined to roughly $385 billion in 2019. South Africa has exhibited tepid economic growth over the past twenty years as well as high levels of income inequality characteristic of a middle income country growth trap. The National Development Plan — the same one that promised us 14% unemployment in 2020 — said “our analysis of the problem indicates that South Africa is in a low growth, middle-income trap”. This chapter compares and contrasts South Africa’s growth trap relative to middle-income peer economies. In the same period, foreig… In this factsheet alone, the South African middle class has varied from 13.5% to 43.2%, and the share of black South Africans forming part of it … In the World Bank’s definition, you become a middle-income country (or “MIC”) when you cross the US$1,000 GDP per capita threshold. Sts., Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, … Sophie Gardiner and Emily Gustafsson-Wright Wednesday, April 6, 2016. Countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Russia and South Africa have stayed ‘trapped’ for a long time in the upper middle-income category. AIDS Care: Vol. Introduction. Data. The paper finds that Ghana trails these two major MICs in terms of almost all the social and the infrastructure indicators investigated. Cape Town's The Top 'Middle-Income Countries City' In Africa Ranked 24th in the world's 31 leading cities, Cape Town is also rated tops in Africa. 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